The Basics of Trading a Stock: Know Your Orders in 2022

Oct 19, 2023 By Triston Martin

Digital technology like the internet has made it easier for investors to purchase and sell stocks on their own, rather than paying consultants significant fees. Before making any purchases or sales, you should learn about the many sorts of orders and when each is acceptable. In this post, we'll go over the basics of trading stock: know your orders as well as how they fit into your overall investment strategy.

What Is a Trade Order?

To begin a transaction, you press the "buy" button and the "sell" button. Although it is feasible to make trades in this manner, it is inefficient since it needs regular stock monitoring. Slippage may occur if you use the buy and sell buttons. This is known as a markup when an order is fulfilled at a lower price than anticipated. Slippage may be the difference between a successful and losing position when trading volatile equities or a fast-moving market. Consequently, it's critical to have a firm grasp on trade orders that go beyond the standard "buy" and "sell."

Order Types for Stock Trades

When working with an expert or market maker, you may place one of five different kinds of trading orders:

Market Order

If you want to buy or sell at the current market price, you may use an order known as a market order. In a market order, the person does not have any influence over the amount paid for the purchase or sale of shares. The price is determined by the market, not by any person or organization. A market order has a significant chance of slippage in a fast-moving market. Trade orders may be executed ahead of your own, affecting the price you pay for a stock.

Limit Order

Put another way, a limit order is an order to buy or sell any stock at some price or greater. Limit orders are placed to restrict investors from possibly acquiring or selling stocks at an undesirable price. Therefore, if the market price isn't equal to the limit order price, the limit order will not be executed. There are two limit orders: one for buying and one for selling.

An order to purchase with a limit of $x is known as a buy limit order, and it indicates that the buyer would not pay over $x per share. In the case of a seller, a sell limit order stipulates that they will not sell a share at a price lower than $x per share.

Stop Order

Using a stop order, also known as a stop-loss order, an investor may keep their losses on a particular investment to a minimum. When a stock hits a specified price, a stop order sells it. A stop order may be utilized for long and short positions, even though it is often associated with long positions. It will be acquired if the stock breaks above the stop order price.

Stop-Limit Order

A stock-limit order combines the attributes of a stop order with a limit order to create a conditional transaction. Using a stop-limit order, you must enter two prices: one to stop and one to limit. The order changes from a stop to a limit when the stock price reaches the stop. In contrast to a stop order, a stop-limit order ensures a price cap. On the other hand, it ensures that an order will be executed, but not necessarily at a price specified in the stop order.

Trailing Stop Order

Stop orders and trailing stop orders are both types of orders. Rather than specifying a target price, a trailing stop order uses the percentage change in the market price. A short position may also benefit from using a trailing stop order, which is more often linked with long positions. If the stock price rises by a certain percentage, the investor will buy the shares.


Individual investors must understand the difference between limit and market orders. One or the other is acceptable at different times, and your investing strategy impacts the order type. For a long-term investor, a market order is a better option since it is less expensive, and the investment choice is based on long-term fundamentals rather than the current market price. If you're trying to take advantage of a short-term trend in the charts, you'll need a limit order to buy in and a stop-loss order to sell to put up a trade; this is often the basic minimum.

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