Which Is Best If You Compare Medicare and Medicaid?

Feb 04, 2024 By Susan Kelly

Many persons over the age of 65 and those with disabilities are covered by Medicare, which provides medical coverage. The ability to qualify for Medicare has absolutely nothing to do with one's income. Medicaid is intended for persons with low financial means, and it is often used as a last choice for those who do not have access to other resources.

If you qualify for Medicare but aren't sure where to begin, eHealth can help. An independent insurance broker and partner of Investopedia, Medicare may be reached at 1-866-305-0921, which connects you with professional insurance agents. They can assist you in enrolling in Medicare Advantage, Medicare Supplement Insurance, and Prescription Drug Part D insurance, among other options.


Individuals 65 years of age or older and those with certain impairments may benefit from Medicare's assistance in obtaining health insurance coverage. The program is divided into four parts:

Part A: Hospitalization Insurance Protection

Regardless of their income, individuals 65 years of age and over are covered by Medicare Part A, covering hospitalization. To be eligible, you or your spouse must have worked and paid Medicare taxes for ten years. Most individuals do not have to pay a premium for Part A, although there are deductibles and coinsurance requirements.

Part B: Insurance for Medical Expenses

Those who qualify for Medicare Part A are also eligible for Medicare Part B, which provides coverage for medically required services and equipment. Preventive care like illness screenings and flu vaccines are included, including doctor's office visits, lab testing, x-rays, wheelchairs, and walkers.

The regular Part B premium for 2022 is 170.10 dollars (generally deducted from Social Security or Railroad Retirement payments). There are deductibles and coinsurance requirements. The program's fees are increased for individuals who earn more than $91,000 per year ($182,000 for a couple) and must pay extra. Individuals are not required to enroll in Part B if they become eligible if their employer's health insurance covers them. However, because of a late-enrollment penalty, it may be more expensive to join later in life.

Part C: Plans That Are Part of Medicare's

Individuals qualified for Medicare Part A and Part B are also eligible for Medicare Part C, generally known as Medicare Advantage, if they meet certain requirements. Medicare Part C insurance plans are provided by private firms that Medicare has authorized.

Part C, in addition to providing coverage similar to that provided by Parts A and B, also provides vision, hearing, and dental care and the possibility of prescription medication coverage. The health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and preferred provider organizations (PPOs), through which many individuals obtain medical care throughout their working years, are analogous to this in their operation.

Part D: Indemnification for Prescription Drugs

Prescription medication coverage is provided by Medicare Part D. Participants in Part D plans pay for their coverage out of cash. They are responsible for monthly premiums, an annual deductible, and copayments for some medicines. People enrolled in Medicare Part C will only be interested in Part D if their current plan does not include prescription medication coverage.


Healthcare insurance, sometimes known as Medicaid, is a combined federal and state program that assists low-income Americans of all ages in paying for medical and long-term care expenses. Suppose a child requires low-cost treatment, but their family earns too much to qualify for best Medicaid. In that case, they may be eligible for coverage under the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), which has its own set of criteria and regulations.

Eligibility for Medicaid and Its Costs

The cooperation between the federal government and the states resulted in various Medicaid schemes for each state. President Barack Obama aimed to provide healthcare coverage to more people in the United States via the Affordable Care Act (ACA), passed into law in 2010. Consequently, all legal residents and citizens of the United States who earn less than 138 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible for Medicaid coverage in states that participate in the program.

Benefits from Medicaid

Although Medicaid benefits differ from state to state, the federal government requires coverage for a wide range of services, including:

  • Services related to hospitalization and laboratory services
  • X-rays
  • Services provided by a doctor
  • Family planning is an important part of life.

Moreover, each state can include additional benefits such as prescription medication coverage, optometrist services, eyeglasses, medical transportation, physical therapy, prosthetic devices, and dental care. Additionally, Medicaid is often used to support long-term care, which is not covered by Medicare or most commercial health insurance plans. Medicaid is the nation's biggest single source of long-term care financing. It often pays the costs of nursing homes for folks who have depleted their resources to pay for healthcare and have no other means of covering the costs of nursing facilities.

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