What Are S and P 500 ETFs?

Oct 22, 2023 By Triston Martin

To replicate the performance of a certain market index, the vast majority of exchange-traded funds purchase identical assets that are monitored by the benchmark index. Investors may then acquire shares of this fund and trade them on the stock market just as they would any other stock. The first ETF formed in the United States was an S&P 500 fund, the SPDR's SPY, which is still the biggest ETF in terms of assets under management. An S&P 500 ETF is simply an ETF that is meant to replicate the performance of the S&P 500 Index or one of its sub-indices.

Fidelity ZERO Large Cap Index (FNILX)

This Fidelity ZERO Large Cap Index Mutual Fund is one of the investment companies moving into mutual funds with no expense ratio, hence its ZERO designation. It doesn't actually track its own S&P 500 - technically, it is based on its own Fidelity U.S. Large Cap Index - however, the distinction is academic. The main difference is that it's an investor-friendly Fidelity doesn't need to pay an annual licensing fee to utilize S&P as its S&P name, lowering investors' costs. Cost ratios are zero percent, meaning that every investment of $10,000 would be worth nothing per year.

Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO)

Vanguard Group, founded by Jack Bogle, pioneered the use of index funds rather than actively-managed mutual funds, which has helped investors save money. When Vanguard joined the ETF market, it had no misgivings. Investing in the S&P 500 ETF is a great way to build a portfolio. VOO has one of the lowest cost-to-cost percentages of any ETF on the market. Although it's not as large as SPY, it's still available at all major brokerages and daily trades over 3 million shares. VOO is presently managing assets worth more than $100 billion. Since its inception in 2010, the firm has almost duplicated the performance of the S&P 500, returning 13.49 percent vs. the S&P's 13.52 percent.

Invesco QQQ Trust ETF (QQQ)

Invesco QQQ Trust ETF is an additional index fund that measures its performance over the biggest non-financial firms in the Nasdaq-100 Index. The ETF began trading in 1999 and is run by Invesco, a giant fund company. As per Lipper, it is the best-performing large-cap fund for overall return over the 15 years up to September 2021. Its expense rate is 0.20 percent, meaning that each $10,000 invested would cost you $20 per year.

SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (SPY)

SPDR S&P 500 ETF is considered the most famous ETF, founded around 1993. It was the catalyst for the surge in ETF investing that has grown very popular in recent years. With hundreds of billions of dollars invested in the funds, they're one of the most sought-after ETFs. It is owned by State Street Global Advisors - another major player in the field, and also follows its benchmark, the S&P 500. The cost-to-income ratio is 0.09 percent, which means that every $10,000 invested will cost you $9 per year.

iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV)

The IShares Core S&P 500 ETF is an investment fund sponsored by BlackRock's biggest fund. This fund from iShares is one of the biggest ETFs, and it is a part of the S&P 500. It was launched in 2000; the fund is yet another one that has been closely following the index through time. The cost-to-income ratio is 0.03 percent, which means that each $10,000 invested would cost you $3 per year.

SPDR Portfolio S&P 500 ETF (SPLG)

To track the entire performance of the S&P 500, SPDR Portfolio S&P 500 ETF (SPLG) was created. By investing in SPDR Portfolio ETFs, you may benefit from its low-cost portfolio. It gives exact and full access to the US market sector with a substantial capitalization, including S&P indexes-based core exposure funds. Every quarter, the fund is rebalanced depending on the sector's balance, its minimum size, and its liquidity. SPLG shares have a lower handle and lower cost ratios than SPY, making it viable for ordinary investors to choose SPLG over SPY. SPLG has a low expense ratio of just 0.03 percent as a percentage of revenue.

Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI)

Vanguard also has an investment fund covering all listed stocks publicly traded within the U.S., known as the Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF. It comprises medium, small and large companies from all sectors. It has been in existence for some time and started trading in 2001. With Vanguard as its sponsor and manager, you can be sure that the costs will be very low. The cost ratio is 0.03 percent, which means that each $10,000 invested will cost $3 per year.

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