All Home Buyers Should Know About The Types Of Conventional Loans

Dec 15, 2023 By Susan Kelly

There are a wide types of conventional loans programs from which to choose—conventional loans, which are not backed by the government and are, therefore, another option. Private lenders issue these loans, and Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac guarantees them. A conventional loan could be preferable because of its lower interest rates, lack of required mortgage insurance, and adaptability in loan terms and amounts.

Homebuyers should be aware, however, that there are several distinct varieties of conventional loans, each with its own set of prerequisites and interest rates. Several types of mortgages are available, some of which are described below. Homebuyers can make well-informed finance decisions by familiarizing themselves with the many types of loans available to them and their requirements. These kinds of loans will be addressed in further depth in the following sections.

Loan With A Fixed Conventional Rate

The vast types of conventional mortgage loans have a fixed interest rate. The interest rate on a fixed-rate loan does not change for the loan's entire duration, which might last anywhere from 15 to 30 years. Homeowners that prefer a stable monthly payment over their loan term may benefit from this. To be approved for a conventional loan with a fixed interest rate, borrowers must normally have a credit score of 620 or higher and a debt-to-income ratio of no more than 43%.

Conventional Loan With Adjustable Rate

The interest rate on a traditional adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) might fluctuate over the life of the loan. Typically, the interest rate is set for the first 5–10 years of the loan and then fluctuates with market conditions. Those who want to sell or refinance their house before the interest rate adjustment may benefit from this loan. A credit score of 620 or higher is normally required for an ARM loan, and a debt-to-income ratio of no more than 43% is permitted.

Conventional Jumbo Loan

Jumbo conventional loans are larger than the limits established by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. This cap is normally around $548,250 but might be lower or higher depending on the geographic location of the residence. High-value assets, such as luxury residences or properties in competitive real estate markets, are the usual borrowers of jumbo loans. Obtaining a jumbo, conventional loan normally necessitates a credit score of 700 or greater and a repayment ratio of no upwards of 43%.

Conventional Homeready Loan

To assist households with low to moderate incomes in purchasing a home, the federal government offers the HomeReady conventional loan. This lending scheme allows for a smaller down payment and cheaper monthly payments by waiving mortgage insurance. A credit score of 620 or higher is required for a HomeReady conventional loan, and borrowers should keep their debt-to-income ratio below 50%. You'll also need to take a class on how to be a responsible homeowner.

Homestyle Conventional Loan

HomeStyle conventional loans are a type of mortgage that can help homeowners pay for expensive repairs and upkeep. You can utilize the funds from this loan for anything from a bathroom makeover to a new roof. HomeStyle conventional loans normally require a credit score of 620 or above and a debt-to-income ratio of no more than 50%.

A 97 Conventional Loan

A mortgage option called the Conventional 97 loan allows borrowers to put down as little as 3% of the home's purchase price as a down payment. First-time buyers who don't have a lot of money for a down payment can consider this loan. It is common practice to require a credit score of 620 or above and a debt-to-income ratio of no more than 43% to obtain a Conventional 97 loan.

Conventional Loan For A Second House Or Investment Property

A conventional mortgage is a type of financing used to buy a second home as well as an investment property. A better credit score and a greater down payment are typical for this type of loan compared to a traditional loan for a primary residence. It is common practice to require a credit score of 680 or higher and a debt-to-income ratio of more than 36% to obtain a conventional loan for such a second home and an investment property.


Finally, homebuyers should know that traditional loans can be a terrific option. Conventional loans come in various forms, each with its prerequisites and restrictions. Homebuyers who take the time to familiarize themselves with the variations among these loans can better select the financing option that best serves their needs—finding a reliable lender willing to answer their concerns and guide them through the loan process. Homeownership is a great investment in one's financial future, and with the right loan and advice, any prospective buyer can make it a reality.

Related Articles