What Are Mortgage Servicing Rights (MSR)?

Nov 28, 2023 By Susan Kelly

If you are not using cash, you'll need to get a loan to purchase an apartment. The lender will pay the seller the entire amount, and then you make monthly installments to the lender. The amount of each installment is determined by your principal and interest rate, property taxes, and insurance. In a process known as mortgage servicing, your lender takes your mortgage payments, allocates the proper amount to the interest and principal. But, your lender could outsource these duties to a different company by granting it mortgage servicing rights (MSR). The third party receives monthly payments from borrowers and then transfers the funds to the lender who originally made them and is paid a fee to do so.


You take out a 30-year, $350,000 mortgage at an institution. In four years, the bank decides to stop making mortgage payments. Instead, it sells the mortgage service rights to a third-party business. The new company can take your mortgage payment and then forward them to the banks. The company earns a flat rate for this task, and it comes from the banks and not from you.


Understanding MSR


MSRs perform administrative duties regularly, which are processed regularly throughout the mortgage. Common rights include the ability to collect mortgage payments monthly, set aside insurance premiums and taxes in escrow, and forward the principal and interest portions to the lender of the mortgage. In exchange, the servicer will be paid a set amount as specified in the agreement, which was drafted and signed at the time of signing the service agreement.


The amount of your mortgage payment, the interest rate, the kind of loan, and other elements, are the same. As far as the person who is borrowing the money is concerned, only the address to where payments are made is changed. You must contact the servicer instead of your mortgage lender to address any concerns you may have about your loan. The servicer may be changed at any time; however, you must receive notification from your lender at least 15 days before the change occurs. Your new servicer must inform you within 15 calendar days of taking over rights.



Practical Example


Consider, for instance, the scenario of a person who would like to buy a property worth $1,000,000. The buyer makes an initial deposit of $200,000 and takes the rest of the $800,000 in the way of mortgage loans at Bank A. The loan term is 25 years. The person pays a fixed interest rate of 5percent. Each month, the person makes to the lender of the mortgage a check that includes the principal and the interest added. But, after ten years, the mortgage lender may not need to hire any employees to handle mortgage payments.


The mortgage lender assigns its mortgage-related rights and services to a third-party firm, Company Y. In the agreement, Company Y will collect mortgage payments to benefit Bank X from the individual. Bank X will compensate Company Y for their services in the amount of a flat fee.


Importance of MSRs


The majority of mortgage lenders and banks create many mortgages for a wide range of individuals. This means it is expensive and time-consuming for mortgage lenders to pay for every loan. When mortgage servicing rights are transferred to banks, it allows mortgage lenders to dedicate more resources toward their primary business of creating and disbursing loans to mortgage lenders. Additionally, the third-party servicing firm can earn income without taking on any risk associated with having mortgage loans in their possession - they are specialized in collecting payments and other mortgage servicing tasks.



Performance of MSRs


The rights to mortgage servicing are an important source of income for many mortgage banks and community banking. In the current dynamic market conditions for interest rates, mortgage servicing rights are an inherent hedge or protection on the supply aspect that is a part of the mortgage lending industry. If interest rates increase and prepayments decrease, the number of prepayments is reduced, and the worth of the mortgage servicing right increases. But, when the rate is low the speed of prepayment increases, and the worth of mortgage service rights decease.


Prepayments happen at the time when a borrower can repay more than the principal amount as per a loan contract. If the interest rate is low, borrowers might want to prepay their loans fast to refinance at a lower interest rate. This is not the case when interest rates are higher, as borrowers may not wish to pay off their loans in advance and refinance with the higher rate. This is a threat to mortgage lenders who may transfer to a third party who has the right to service mortgages.

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