All You Need to Know About What Is a Multiple Support Agreement

Jan 19, 2024 By Triston Martin

Two or more taxpayers agree to share the financial burden of supporting a single dependant via a contract known as a what is multiple support agreement. Shared financial responsibility for a dependant may be claimed by numerous people jointly responsible for the person's care and support on a rotating basis. Any time more than one kid is responsible for helping to care for a senior relative, it is required to enter into several support agreements.


When more than one taxpayer is helping to maintain a dependent, a taxpayer may be able to claim the dependency exemption for that dependent. Other taxpayers who provide financial assistance for the dependent must provide their consent before the exemption may be claimed.

In certain circumstances, the dependent is funded by more than one taxpayer. A person cannot be claimed as a dependant on anybody else's tax return unless they receive consent from the other people providing half of the person's financial assistance. As the name suggests, this approach aims to reduce the number of taxpayers who claim that a single individual is reliant on them.

Understanding the various support contracts available

More than half of the assistance for a qualified family member throughout the tax year is required for the taxpayer to claim them as a dependant. One individual or group pooling their resources to care for a loved one may meet the 50% requirement. A taxpayer must complete IRS Form 2120 and submit it to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as part of a multiple support arrangement.

To be eligible, the dependant must pass a test based on their connection with you. If the individual in issue is not the taxpayer's spouse but a child or sibling, parent, in-law, niece, or nephew who resided in the taxpayer's home for the full year, then they are exempt. Those who have been adopted as well as those who have been fostered, are included in this category. All of a child's descendants are included in the total.

If the prerequisites are met, and a multiple support agreement is provided, one individual may claim a relative as a dependant each tax year. In other cases, they may alternate who makes this statement each year, depending on the scenario. Multiple support agreements have a complicated set of regulations. This person's relative qualifies as a "dependent." Two or more relatives provide more than half of their financial assistance. The contributing family members agree to let a single, selected relative claim the person as a dependant on their taxes. Other family members who pay more than ten percent sign numerous support agreements, waiving their ability to claim dependence for the tax year. IRS Form 2120 is attached to tax returns by the designated relative to specify the waiving relatives. This and any other tax documents should be kept as a backup for the future.

To claim the parent as a dependant on a tax return, each of the children needs to register a multiple support agreement stating which of them will do so for the current tax year. Anyone relying on public assistance programs, such as social security or other government funding, cannot claim the person as a dependent.

How it Works

An income tax is a tax that is levied on the profits of people, households, and businesses by the government. The governmental agency IRS oversees the rules and regulations. A dependent is a family member of the taxpayer who relies on the taxpayers to cover their living costs and ensure their existence. A taxpayer may exclude the amount from his gross salary for each eligible dependant is the dependency exemption. A dependant might be a family member, a spouse, a kid, or anybody else. The taxpayer can claim tax exemptions for dependents who have met a number of criteria based on their connection to the taxpayer.


When more than half of a person's assistance comes from more than one source, but no one individual offers more than half of that support on their own, the multiple support agreement is employed. Expenses spent for medical treatment may be deducted by anybody who provides more than half of a user's assistance under such an arrangement. It is illegal to include any medical expenditures paid by anyone who signed on to the agreement.

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