What Is A Reverse Mortgage?

Dec 02, 2023 By Triston Martin

The reverse mortgage kind of loan generally permits homeowners over the age of 62 who've completed the repayment of their mortgage to access a portion of their home's equity to earn income tax-free. Contrary to conventional mortgages, where the homeowner pays the lender when they have a reverse mortgage, the lender is the homeowner with a reverse loan. Homeowners who take advantage of this type of mortgage do not pay a monthly fee and aren't required to sell their house (in the sense that they can live in the house). However, the loan has to be paid back after the borrower dies or permanently relocates or sells their home.


The procedure for obtaining a reverse mortgage is quite straightforward: It all begins with a borrower who already has a home of their own. The borrower either has a significant amount of equity in their house (often at least 50% of the property's value) or has entirely paid off their mortgage. They determine that they need the liquidity provided by selling their home's equity and engage with a reverse mortgage consultant to choose a lender and programme that will meet their needs and goals.

After deciding on a certain loan programme, the borrower must apply for the loan. The lender conducts a credit check on the borrower and examines the borrower's property, including the title and assessed value. According to the borrower's preferences, a loan is funded after being accepted. Depending on the lender, the loan proceeds may be structured as a lump amount, a line of credit, or periodic annuity payments (such as monthly, quarterly, or yearly payments).

After a lender finances a reverse mortgage, borrowers are able to spend the cash by the terms of their loan agreement. Some loans include limits on how the money may be used (for example, they can only be used for enhancements or repairs), whilst others are completely free in their usage. These loans are valid until the borrower passes away or relocates, at which point they (or their heirs) may repay the debt, or the property can be sold to recoup the loan's principal and interest. The borrower receives any money that is left over after the loan has been repaid in full.


· Home Equity Conversion Mortgage:

The most popular kind of reverse mortgages, these federally-insured mortgages generally have a higher initial cost; however, the money may be used to fulfil any use. Furthermore, you have the option to decide the manner in which you want to use the money is used in the form of regular monthly instalments or as a credit line (or both simultaneously). Although they are readily available, HECMs are provided by Federal Housing Administration (FHA)-approved lenders, and before closing any loan, borrowers must be provided with counselling from HUD-approved sources.

· Proprietary Reverse Mortgage:

It is a private loan that is not backed by the federal government. You are likely to get more money in advance through this kind of mortgage, particularly in the case of a larger-valued home.

· Single-Purpose Reverse Mortgage:

The mortgage offered here isn't as popular as the other two and is generally provided by nonprofit organizations and local and state government agencies. A single-purpose mortgage is typically the most affordable of the three choices; However, the borrowers are able to make use of the loan (which usually is for the smallest amount) to fund a single reason, as an accessible bathroom remodel the homeowner explains Jackie Boies, a senior director of bankruptcy and housing services at Money Management International, a nonprofit debt counselling agency based at Sugar Land, Texas.

Your Right to Cancel

For most reverse mortgages, you're entitled to at most three days following the closing to cancel your deal in any way and without cost. This is called your right to "rescission." If you wish to cancel the loan, you must inform that lender of your intention in writing. Send the letter via certified mail and request for a receipt on return. This will allow you to document what the lender received and the date it was received. Keep copies of all letters and any attached documents. If you decide to cancel your loan, the lender will have 20 days to refund any money you've paid for the loan.

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