Why are Homes Appraised? Everything You Need To Know About It

Feb 08, 2024 By Triston Martin

According to the National Association of Realtors, appraisal difficulties are the second most common cause of delays in home-buying or refinancing. What an appraisal is and why it's essential in the mortgage process are crucial questions to ask you before getting a mortgage.

Why are Homes Appraised?

A home appraisalis a third-party, unbiased evaluation of the market value of a house or piece of land. Appraisals are used to ensure that the sale price follows the market value. In this way, buyers and lenders are protected from paying more than the property and from lending more than the home are worth. The accuracy of the appraisal is critical since the borrower's house acts as collateral. Similarly, a lender will evaluate a home before granting a new loan when refinancing a mortgage.

How much is a House Appraisal?

The cost of a professional home assessment for the average single-family residence is between $300 and $450. Appraisals are ordered by lenders but are typically paid by the borrower (unless special agreements are made). This charge is usually included in the closing expenses of a loan. The cost might rise if the home is substantial or has uncommon features. For example, the price might be as high as $600 for a big property or multi-family dwelling.

How Do House Appraisals Work?

Once a lender has issued an order. A licensed appraiser can either do the appraisal on-site or through a remote connection with the homeowner. At the beginning of the epidemic, appraisers took a virtual approach, even doing exterior-only evaluations, and they are prepared to continue doing so in future.

Appraisals: What Buyers Should Know

The appraisal is one of the first steps in the closing process when purchasing a house and having a contract. An assessment must come in at or above what was agreed upon for a deal to go through. However, the transaction may be delayed or halted if the appraised value is lower than the contract price.

You and the seller probably don't want the deal to break apart. A poor evaluation might be used as a bargaining chip by the buyer to persuade the seller to reduce the asking price. The bank will not lend you or any other potential buyer more money than the house is worth.

How Long Is a Home Appraisal Process?

Appraisals typically take seven to ten days to complete. For about an hour and a half, the appraiser examines the house from top to bottom, taking measurements and noting the features and fittings. In addition, the appraiser looks at previously sold properties in the area that are comparably situated to the one under consideration (aka "comps"). The appraiser writes an appraisal report after the physical examination and comparisons have been completed. The intricacy of the assessment and the appraiser’s workload or schedule determines how long the complete procedure will take.

After the Appraisal, What Happens?

Mortgage underwriting follows the completion of the house appraisal. The underwriter examines the loan file to ensure that all necessary paperwork has been filed. The underwriter next evaluates the loan's risk and decides whether or not to approve or deny it based on the information gathered.

Reasons to Get Your House Appraised

A home appraisal is critical in purchasing or selling a home since it provides an unbiased evaluation of the property's market value. In addition to comparable sales in the area and market, an appraisal often relies on a qualified or trained specialist's in-person visual assessment of the property. Banks won't lend money if the house's appraised worth is less than the loan amount; therefore, appraisals are required when purchasing and selling a property. In some cases, an assessment may be necessary or even save you money.

1.Before Selling a Residence

A pre-listing assessment can help homebuyers better understand the home's worth before they put it on the market. By doing this, you'll be able to set a fair asking price and increase your chances of making a quick sale.

2.Refinancing Your Property

When you refinance your house, you're replacing your previous mortgage with a new one since the value of your property may have changed since you purchased it. To confirm that the home's current value justifies the new loan amount, lenders will request an appraisal. Refinancing may allow you to take money out of your house if its value has improved since you bought it. If your credit score has dropped, you may have difficulty getting a new loan.

3. Home Equity Loans

Instead of refinancing, home equity loans are new loans on top of the original mortgage. To determine how much money you may borrow from a home equity loan, you must reduce the mortgage amount from the house's current worth. A home equity loan may not be available if the value of your house has fallen.

4. Obtaining Further Loans

You may be required to put up your house as collateral for other sorts of loans, such as personal and commercial loans. Your property's current worth will be used as a basis for determining the loan amount, much like with home equity loans.

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